What is Web Attack?

A web attack is a plan to exploit weaknesses on the website or parts of it. The attacks may involve a website’s content, web application or server. Websites provide many opportunities for attackers to gain unauthorized access, get private information, or even introduce malicious content.

Attackers look for weaknesses within the structure or content of a website to obtain data, gain control of it, or harm users. Some common attacks include brute force attacks and cross-site scripting (XSS), and attacks against uploads of files. Other attacks are carried out through social engineering, for instance phishing, and malware attacks such as trojans, ransomware or spyware.

The most common website attacks target the web application, that is composed of the hardware and software a website uses to show information to users. Hackers can attack a web application through its weaknesses, which include SQL injection cross-site request forgery and reflection-based XSS.

SQL injection attacks target databases that web applications rely on to store and distribute content. These attacks could expose sensitive data such as passwords, account logins, and credit card numbers.

Cross-site scripting attacks are based on the flaws of a website’s code to display illegal text or images, steal session details, and redirect visitors to phishing websites. Reflective XSS allows an attacker to execute an arbitrary program.

A man-in-the-middle attack occurs when a third party intercepts the communication between you and a web server. The third party can then modify the messages as well as spoof certificates and alter DNS responses, and the list goes on. This is a highly effective way to control your online activities.

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